In New York State, there are several types of adoptions. Private placement adoptions may include step-parent adoptions and private placement adoptions where placements are arranged between the birth parent(s) and the adoptive parent(s). Agency adoptions may include adoption of a child through a local department of social services where the child is in foster care, or adoption through an adoption agency. Adoptions may include adopting children from a different state or country.
There are many steps involved in the adoption process, including pre-certification requirements, background checks, a home study process, assignment of an attorney for the child, court oversight and approval, and determination that the placement of the child in the home of the approved adoptive parent(s) is in the best interests of the child.
Additionally, the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC), which governs adoptions across state lines, establishes procedures for the placement and adoption of children. The rights of the birth parents, adoptive parents and the child are all impacted by the adoption process, which can be time-consuming, document-intensive and expensive.
If you have questions about adoption, contact our office for a confidential consultation to answer your question.